On June 6, 1944 the Battle of Normandy began.
“In the East, the vastness of space will… permit a loss of territory… without suffering a mortal blow to Germany’s chance for survival. Not so in the West! If the enemy here succeeds… consequences of staggering proportions will follow within a short time.”
Hitler’s words would prove true.
- June 5/June 6: British 6th Airborne Division (Operation Tonga), U.S. 82nd Airborne Division (Operation Detroit) and 101st Airborne Division (Operation Chicago) were airlanded.
- June 6: Seaborne D-Day landings (Operation Neptune)
- June 7-17: 3rd Parachute Brigade of the British 6th Airborne Division repulse several German Attacks at Le Mesnil Crossroads.
- June 12: U.S. 101st Airborne Division captures Carentan
- June 13: U.S. 101st Airborne Division repel a German Counter Attack west of the city at a place called Hill 30, Elements of the U.S. 2nd Armored Division are ordered to help relieve the paratroopers. British armor engaged in the Battle of Villers-Bocage.
- June 25–June 29: Operation Epsom, an offensive to the west of Caen, was repulsed by the German defenders.
- July 7: Caen was liberated.
- July 17: Erwin Rommel was severely injured when his car was strafed by a Royal Canadian Air Force Spitfire.
- July 18–July 20: Operation Goodwood initiated.
- July 24: Operation Cobra begins a breakout near Saint-Lô.
- August 3–August 9: Operation Totalize, a trap to capture retreating German armour in the Falaise pocket starts.
- August 25: Paris is liberated.