“Wazir Khan’s Mosque is in the old city, 300 meters from Delhi Gate. This unique mosque is one of the most beautiful in Pakistan. It was built in 1634 by Hakim Ali-ud-din, popularly known as Wazir Khan, who was governor of the area during the reign of Shah Jahan. The Mosque is justifiably famous for the colorful fresco and tile decoration which adorn both interior and exterior of the building.”
This Mosque was built in 1634-35 A.D. during the reign of Mughal Emperor SHAHJEHAN by Ilm-Ud-Din Ansari Commanly known as Nawab Wazir Khan, who was governor of Lahore till 1639. The Mosque was completed in about 7 years.
The entire mosque is built with small bricks laid in “ Kanker lime” with a sparkling of red sand-stone. Even the grills are in terra-cotta.
The outstanding architectural features are its octagonal four corner minarets 107 feet high, decorated with mosaic tiles. A bazaar consisting of 22 shops forms an integral part of plan of the mosque which is the first ever provided in a mosque. The shops are in two parallel rows with a brick-paved passage in between.
The mosque covers an area 270.5’ x 159’ feet out of which the prayer hall occupies an area of 131’ feet x 40 feet and divided into five compartments by means of four arches on massive piers. The prayer hall bears five squat turnip shaped domes. The central dome has a larger diameter than other four. the two level courtyard is 173 x 131 feet while lower part has a 35 x 35 feet ablution tank. The courtyard is flanked on its three sides by 32 small Cells (Hujras).
Fresco , kashi kari, brick-imitation (tazakari) , vivid colours, inscription, geometrical patterns, floral designs, arabesque and calligraphy have been used for its embellishment.
The entire floor is built in cut and dressed small brick work laid in some 13 patterns. The open area on the east of the mosque complex is known as CHOWK WAZIR KHAN.